Mandate

Under Resolution 2567 (2021), the Security Council determined that the situation in South Sudan continues to constitute a threat to international peace and security in the region.

The Council extended the UNMISS mandate until 15 March 2022. It also determined that the Mission should advance a three-year strategic vision to prevent a return to civil war, build durable peace and support inclusive, accountable governance and free, fair and peaceful elections in accordance with the Revitalized Peace Agreement.

Under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, UNMISS is therefore authorized to use all necessary means to implement its mandate which includes:

(a) Protection of civilians:

  • Protect civilians under threat of physical violence, within its capacity and areas of deployment with a specific focus on women and children.
  • Deter violence against civilians through proactive deployment and active patrolling with particular attention to internally displaced people, refugees, humanitarians, and human rights defenders, and identify potential threats or attacks through a mission-wide early warning strategy.
  • Maintain public safety and security of existing UN Protection of Civilians sites and retain the ability to protect camps that have been re-designated under the sovereign responsibility of the Government of South Sudan if the security situation deteriorates.
  • Deter, prevent, and respond to sexual and gender-based violence within its capacity and areas of deployment.
  • Exercise good offices in protecting civilians, including preventing and resolving intercommunal conflict through mediation and community engagement as an essential part of preventing violence and long-term state-building.
  • Provide technical assistance to build the capacity of the rule of the law and justice sector to better protect civilians, combat impunity, and promote accountability.  
  • Foster a secure environment for the safe, informed, voluntary, and dignified return and re-integration of displaced families and refugees.

(b) Creating conditions conducive to the delivery of humanitarian assistance:

  • Coordinate with humanitarian actors to create secure conditions for the delivery of assistance and ensure full, safe and unhindered access to all those in need in South Sudan.
  • Ensure the security and freedom of movement of UN personnel, installations, and equipment.

(c) Supporting the Implementation of the Revitalised Agreement and the Peace Process:

  • Use good offices to support the peace process and implementation of the Revitalised Agreement, including through advice, technical assistance, and coordination with regional actors.
  • Assist all parties in the full, effective, and meaningful participation of women, youth, faith groups, and civil society in the peace process and transitional governance structures.
  • Participate in and support the work of CTSAMVM, RJMEC, and other implementation mechanisms.
  • Use technical assistance to support mechanisms of the Revitalised Agreement.

(d) Monitoring, investigating, and reporting on violations of humanitarian and human rights law:

  • Monitor, investigate, verify, and report on abuses and violations of human rights and international humanitarian law, including possible war crimes or crimes against humanity.
  • Report specifically on violations and abuses committed against women and children, including sexual and gender-based violence, and accelerate implementation of new mechanisms to monitor, analyze and report on conflict-related sexual violence and abuses against children.
  • Monitor, investigate, and report on incidents of hate speech and incitement to violence.
  • Work with international, regional, and national mechanisms engaged in monitoring, investigating, and reporting on violations of humanitarian and human rights law.

The overall ceiling for uniformed personnel is maintained at 17,000 troops and 2,101 police, including 88 corrections officers.