Under Resolution 2625 (2022), the Security Council determined that the situation in South Sudan continues to constitute a threat to international peace and security in the region.
The Council extended the UNMISS mandate until 15 March 2023. It also emphasized that the Mission should continue advancing its three-year strategic vision defined in resolution 2567 (2021) to prevent a return to civil war, build durable peace and support inclusive, accountable governance and free, fair and peaceful elections in accordance with the Revitalized Peace Agreement.
Under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, UNMISS is therefore authorized to use all necessary means to implement its mandate which includes:
(a) Protection of civilians:
- Protect civilians under threat of physical violence, within its capacity and areas of deployment, including in the context of elections, with specific protection for women and children.
- Deter violence against civilians through proactive deployment and active patrolling with particular attention to internally displaced people, refugees, humanitarians, and human rights defenders, and identify potential threats or attacks through a mission-wide early warning strategy
- Maintain public safety and security of and within existing UNMISS protection of civilians sites, and retain the ability to protect re-designated camps under the sovereign responsibility of the Government of if the security situation deteriorates.
- Deter, prevent, and respond to sexual and gender-based violence within its capacity and areas of deployment.
- Exercise good offices, confidence-building, and facilitation in support of UNMISS’s protection strategy to prevent, mitigate, and resolve intercommunal violence by supporting community-led peace dialogue processes.
- Support development and implementation of gender-responsive community violence reduction programmes, to help reduce intercommunal violence and collaborate with partners to complement community disarmament initiatives, with a particular focus on members of armed groups ineligible or unwilling to be integrated into the Necessary Unified Forces, women and youth.
- Provide technical assistance and build capacities to help the Government of South Sudan expand and reform the rule of law and justice sector.
- Foster a secure environment for the safe, informed, voluntary, and dignified return, relocation, resettlement or integration into host communities for IDPs and refugees.
- Promptly and effectively engage any actor credibly found to be preparing or engaging in attacks against civilians, IDP camps, UNMISS protection of civilians sites, other United Nations premises and personnel, or international and national humanitarian actors.
(b) Creating conditions conducive to the delivery of humanitarian assistance:
- Coordinate with humanitarian actors to create secure conditions for the delivery of assistance and ensure full, safe and unhindered access to all those in need in South Sudan.
- Ensure the security and freedom of movement of UN personnel, installations, and equipment.
(c) Supporting the Implementation of the Revitalised Agreement and the Peace Process:
- Use good offices to support the peace process and implementation of the Revitalised Agreement, including through advice, technical assistance, and coordination with regional actors.
- Assist all parties in the full, effective, and meaningful participation of women, youth, faith groups, and civil society in the peace process and transitional governance structures.
- Participate in and support the work of CTSAMVM, RJMEC, and other implementation mechanisms.
- Use technical assistance to support mechanisms of the Revitalised Agreement.
(d) Monitoring, investigating, and reporting on violations of humanitarian and human rights law:
- Monitor, investigate, verify, and report on abuses and violations of human rights and international humanitarian law, including possible war crimes or crimes against humanity.
- Report specifically on violations and abuses committed against women and children, including sexual and gender-based violence, and accelerate implementation of new mechanisms to monitor, analyze and report on conflict-related sexual violence and abuses against children.
- Monitor, investigate, and report on incidents of hate speech and incitement to violence.
- Work with international, regional, and national mechanisms engaged in monitoring, investigating, and reporting on violations of humanitarian and human rights law.
The overall ceiling for uniformed personnel is maintained with a troop ceiling of 17,000 personnel, and a police ceiling of 2,101 personnel, including 88 corrections officers.